Treatment of Common Cold

If your resident shows signs and symptoms of the common cold, 

• Assess pain

• Administer alternative interventions to relieve symptoms 

• Administer medications to relieve symptoms if required and prescribed

• Monitor breathing, check vital observations each shift, and auscultate lungs 

• Check for laboured breathing, cyanosis, and cold and clammy skin

• Coughing and deep breathing should be encouraged, educate on holding the sternum when coughing 

• Place the resident in a semi-fowler's position to facilitate breathing and lung expansion

• Encourage or assist in changing the resident's position often and encourage ambulation as tolerated to prevent secretions from accumulating

• Monitor and record the sputum colour, consistency, and amount

• Encourage fluids 

• Educate on hand washing and correct disposal of secretions to prevent infection from spreading

• Use standard and transmission-based precautions to prevent infection from spreading

• Isolate


Common cold symptoms usually subside within a week to ten days without treatment. There is a possibility that a cough may persist for a few days longer. Getting adequate rest and drinking plenty of fluids are recommended. Over-the-counter medications and alternative remedies can relieve fever, body aches, congestion, and cough.